Charles Earland (24 May 1941–11 December 1999) was an American jazz composer, organist, and saxophonist. Earland was born in Philadelphia, and learnt to play the saxophone at high school. He played tenor with Jimmy McGriff at the age of seventeen, and in 1960 started his first group. He started playing the organ after playing with Pat Martino, and joined Lou Donaldson's band from 1968 to 1969. The group that he led from 1970, including Grover Washington, was successful, and he eventually started playing soprano saxophone and synthesizer.