Wolfgang Fortner (born 12 October 1907 in Leipzig – 5 September 1987 in Heidelberg) was a German composer, composition teacher and conductor. From his parents - both singers - Fortner very early on had intense contact with music. In 1927 he began his studies at the Leipzig Conservatory (organ, composition) and at University, (philosophy, music history, and German studies). Still during his study some of his early compositions were officially performed . In Berlin he encountered Arnold Schoenberg and wrote his Leipzig professional degree thesis on the Kammermusik set of Paul Hindemith.