gagaku (雅楽, literally "elegant music") is a type of Japanese classical music that has been performed at the Imperial court for several centuries. It consists of three primary bodies:
1. Native Shinto religious music and folk songs and dance, called kuniburi no utamai
2. A Goguryeo and Manchurian form, called komagaku (named for Koma, one of the Three Kingdoms)
3. A Chinese and South Asia form (specifically Tang Dynasty), called togaku.