1) Magnus Lindberg (born June 27, 1958) is a Finnish composer. Lindberg was born in Helsinki. He studied music at the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki under Einojuhani Rautavaara and Paavo Heininen, graduating in 1981. He attended summer courses in Siena (with Franco Donatoni) and Darmstadt (with Brian Ferneyhough) and private studies in Paris with Vinko Globokar and Gérard Grisey. Quintetto dell’Estate (1979) is generally held to be Lindberg's first opus. His first great breakthrough came with Action-Situation-Signification (1982), the first work in explored musique concrète.