Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari (born Ermanno Wolf) (Venice, January 12, 1876 – Venice January 21, 1948) was an Italian composer. He is best known for his comic operas, I quattro rusteghi (1906) and Il segreto di Susanna (1909). A number of his works were based on plays by Carlo Goldoni, including Il campiello. Ferrari was his mother's maiden-name, which he added to his own surname in 1895. His father was a painter, and sent Ermanno to Rome to study art. From there he went to Munich, and it was while there that he decided to concentrate instead on music, taking lessons from Josef Rheinberger.