Emerging after the demise of Swedish hardcore trailblazers Refused, TEXT was
founded by Kristofer Steen, David Sandström, Fredrik Bäckström and Jon F Brännström. All except Bäckström were members of Refused, but stylistically, they have little in common with their forebears. Their debut album, TEXT (1999), is a mix of spoken word, music of various styles, and ambient sound effects, blended into an ethereal, avant-garde sound. Apart from the three "Tableau" tracks (which are one piece, split up across the album), each track could be described as fitting into a different genre.