Pandit Vijay Raghav Rao (November 3, 1925 - November 30, 2011) was an Indian flutist, composer, choreographer, musicologist, poet and fiction writer. He was born in Madras (now Chennai), India. Pandit Vijay Raghav Rao was a recognized flutist, choreographer, and composer of innovative Hindustani classical music, and well known both in India and outside. He has composed music for several Indian and international films, choreographed ballets and has experimented with Indian classical music. At the age of 22, he conducted the national anthem that ushered in India's independence in 1947.