Albany Leon "Barney" Bigard (March 3, 1906 – June 27, 1980) was an American jazz clarinetist. Bigard was born in New Orleans and studied music and clarinet with Lorenzo Tio. He moved to Chicago in the early 1920s, where he worked with "King" Joe Oliver and others. During this period, much of his recording with Oliver and others including clarinetist Johnny Dodds was on tenor saxophone, an instrument he played often with great lyricism, as on Oliver's hit recording of "Someday Sweetheart." In 1927 he joined Duke Ellington's band in New York, where he stayed until 1942.